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The Use of Nouns



Nouns identify the subjects we are referring to such as: names of places, persons, things, or ideas.  The subject(s) can be expressed through the use of common nouns, proper nouns, or pronouns.

1)  Noun – represents the name of a place, a person, a thing, or an idea.

         a) Common Noun – refers to any place, person, thing, idea, etc.
                        car          girl          city          religion          mood

         b) Proper Noun – refers to a particular place, person, thing, idea, etc.

                              sedan        Jane        Spokane        Christianity        depression

2)  Pronoun - can take the place of a noun.

   ·  What caused the damage?
As the whale was released back into the ocean, it immediately joined its pod.
Sally washed her car and let it dry before she drove it home.

3)  Case Personal Pronouns – refers to the form that a pronoun takes in its relationship to the other words in the sentence. There are three types of cases:

a)  Nominative
      · he  · she   · they   · we   · I   · it

      ·  (He) (she) (they) (we) (I) (you) will support this fundraiser.
(He) (she) (they) (we) (I) (you) agreed to organize (it).

                ** Note: When referring to the first person, the word “ I ”  is always capitalized, even in mid sentence.

b)  Possessive
his   · hers   · its   · their/theirs   · our/ours   · my/mine   · your/yours

      ·  That house is (hers) (his) (theirs) (ours) (mine) (yours).
It is (her) (his) (their) (our) (my) (your) house. 

c)  Objective
      · him   · her   · them   · us   · me    

      ·  Tom asked (him) (her) (them) (us) (me) to arrive early. 

4)  Compound Personal Pronoun- is used for action when turned back on the subject (reflexive use) and for emphasis (intensive use).
        · himself          · herself          · themselves          · ourselves   
        · myself           · yourself        · yourselves           · itself

a)  Reflexive use

·  She talked herself into going to the concert.    
·  You could injure yourselves if you don’t hold on tightly.     

b)  Intensive use

The manager himself made those long distant calls
·  She herself will pay for all those expenses.

5)  Relative Pronoun – Modifies a noun or pronoun occurring in the sentence and connects it to the rest of the sentence.

· that   · which   · what   · who      
plus derivatives  · 
whose   · whosoever   · whom   · 

· The position that she wanted has been offered to someone else. 
A container, which held toxic chemicals, exploded in the warehouse today.
They hired John Adams, who has had twenty years sales experience.
What he would have preferred, is the corner office space.
· We are offering computer training for whoever needs it.

6)  Interrogative Pronoun – is used in asking a question.
     · which   · what   · who  
       plus derivatives  · whose   · whom   · whomever

 · Who was at the meeting?
With whom was that report left?
Which customer made this payment?
· What did that customer buy? 

   7)  Infinitive Pronoun – frequently refers to number and gender.

              · any     · either      · neither      · all     · both        · each   
              · some   · several   · everyone   · one   · someone  · none   


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