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The Use of Nouns

NOUNS  

 

Nouns identify the subjects we are referring to such as: names of places, persons, things, or ideas.  The subject(s) can be expressed through the use of common nouns, proper nouns, or pronouns.

1)  Noun – represents the name of a place, a person, a thing, or an idea.

         a) Common Noun – refers to any place, person, thing, idea, etc.
                 Examples:
                        car          girl          city          religion          mood

         b) Proper Noun – refers to a particular place, person, thing, idea, etc.
                 Examples:                     

                              sedan        Jane        Spokane        Christianity        depression

2)  Pronoun - can take the place of a noun.
Examples:

   ·  What caused the damage?
   · 
As the whale was released back into the ocean, it immediately joined its pod.
   · 
Sally washed her car and let it dry before she drove it home.

3)  Case Personal Pronouns – refers to the form that a pronoun takes in its relationship to the other words in the sentence. There are three types of cases:

a)  Nominative
 
Examples:
      · he  · she   · they   · we   · I   · it

      ·  (He) (she) (they) (we) (I) (you) will support this fundraiser.
     
· 
(He) (she) (they) (we) (I) (you) agreed to organize (it).

                ** Note: When referring to the first person, the word “ I ”  is always capitalized, even in mid sentence.

b)  Possessive
 Examples:
     
· 
his   · hers   · its   · their/theirs   · our/ours   · my/mine   · your/yours

      ·  That house is (hers) (his) (theirs) (ours) (mine) (yours).
      
· 
It is (her) (his) (their) (our) (my) (your) house. 

c)  Objective
 Examples:
      · him   · her   · them   · us   · me    

      ·  Tom asked (him) (her) (them) (us) (me) to arrive early. 

4)  Compound Personal Pronoun- is used for action when turned back on the subject (reflexive use) and for emphasis (intensive use).
Examples: 
        · himself          · herself          · themselves          · ourselves   
        · myself           · yourself        · yourselves           · itself

a)  Reflexive use
 Examples:

·  She talked herself into going to the concert.    
·  You could injure yourselves if you don’t hold on tightly.     

b)  Intensive use
 
Examples:

      · 
The manager himself made those long distant calls
     
·  She herself will pay for all those expenses.

5)  Relative Pronoun – Modifies a noun or pronoun occurring in the sentence and connects it to the rest of the sentence.
Examples:

     
· that   · which   · what   · who      
      
plus derivatives  · 
whose   · whosoever   · whom   · 
whomever
 

  
· The position that she wanted has been offered to someone else. 
  
·
A container, which held toxic chemicals, exploded in the warehouse today.
  
·
They hired John Adams, who has had twenty years sales experience.
  
·
What he would have preferred, is the corner office space.
  
· We are offering computer training for whoever needs it.

6)  Interrogative Pronoun – is used in asking a question.
Examples:
     · which   · what   · who  
       plus derivatives  · whose   · whom   · whomever

 · Who was at the meeting?
       
·
With whom was that report left?
      
·
Which customer made this payment?
       
· What did that customer buy? 

   7)  Infinitive Pronoun – frequently refers to number and gender.
         Examples:

              · any     · either      · neither      · all     · both        · each   
              · some   · several   · everyone   · one   · someone  · none   

 

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